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To increase the probability of survival for severe injuries in use, it is necessary in addition to a suitable protective equipment (protective vest, combat helmet, shrapnel goggles, hearing protection, etc.), the documentation to be carried on the man medical equipment of the soldiers adapt to the current requirements of the anticipated battlefield damage. Given the fact that a very high proportion of succumbing to bleeding associated with a battlefield injury deceased a potentially insatiable blood flow, in particular efficient methods of control of bleeding and hemostasis in the context of self-and buddy aid must be paid high attention.
In emergency medicine, can be reduced by the high camps injured body parts of the blood pressure to the bleeding site. Usually, in smaller bleeding a compression dressing is applied. Under a fixed wrap pad can be placed to increase the pressure on the bleeding wound in addition. In addition, a manual proximal vascular compression is possible, that is a flattening of the artery on the body-facing side of the circulation. The compression can also be performed by various Abbindesysteme.
Furthermore Hemostats can be used for hemostasis.
In the STANAG 2126 feature recommendation for such a FIRST-AID KIT is given:
1 The Following kits and Their items are the minimum required for essential first-aid of NATO Forces and will be Provided at Appropriate levels. The number of kits and items' may be supplemented at national discretion.
2 Individual First-Aid Kit This kit is recommended to be Carried by all military personnel. All military personnel perform adequately Should Be trained in the proper wear and maintenance of the kit, and be Properly trained in the application and use of all components. It is to be assembled and issued at national discretion, and all potency dated material shoulderstand be held under medical supervision until issue is required.
The kit Shall Comprise:
a Carrying case (recommended)
b. Gloves, Patient Exam.
c. Carrying case insert (at national discretion)
d Occlusive dressing for open chest wound (at national discretion)
e Arterial hemostatic tourniquet (one-hand self applicable)
f Topical hemostatic agent (at national discretion)
g Small sterile occlusive dressing h Large triangular bandage
i Compressive bandage j. Analgesic drug (at national discretion)
k Rescue cover for hypothermia prevention (at national discretion)
l Instruction for use - simply worded and / or pictographic
The Personal medical equipment of the soldiers (PersSanAusstg) is expected to consist of the following components:
Emergency Ventilation Cloth
|EA 1||Rettungsdecke (RETTUNGSDECKE, ISOLIER-,VERLETZTE
|EA 1||Tourniquet CAT
UND BEHANDLUNG, PATIENT
|PG 1||Erste-Hilfe-Miniset **
First Aid Miniset (BANDAGE MATERIALS KIT
Armtragetuch (BANDAGE CLOTH, COTTON
|EA 1||Hämostyptikum QuikClot
ACS+ (KOMPRESSE, SYNTHETISCH
Hemostatic Agent QuikClot ACS +
Burn Dressing Packet
|EA 2||Emergency Bandages
KOMPRESSE UND BINDE 10 CM
KOMPRESSE UND BINDE 15 CM
|EA 1||Morphin Autoinjektor 10 mg
Morphine 10 mg Autoinjector
|EA 10||Ciprofloxacin Tabletten 250 mg
Ciprofloxacin Tablets 250 mg
Die Persönliche Sanitätsausstattung der Soldaten (PersSanAusstg) wird sich voraussichtlich aus folgenden Komponenten zusammensetzen:
The articles are to be integrated in an appropriate way in the personal, to be carried on the man equipment. To this end, a lightweight, durable and quickly re-sealable bag (6545-12-380 - 0001) provided the light and dust allows a protected storage and secure transport of largely one-handed removable item. For all with an expiration date provided drugs and medical devices appropriate management measures to monitor the run-time are determined. There are rules for application control and for the exchange of used and replacement of used components of personal medical equipment to meet. The realistic medical training of soldiers is to be coordinated carefully to the individual components of personal medical equipment.) The central procurement of the components of personal medical equipment by the Federal Office of Defense Technology and Procurement (U3.2/U2.3).
Praktisches Set für unterwegs im staubdichten Wiederverschlussbeutel
2 Pflasterstrips 1,9 x 7,2 cm
1 Pflasterstrip 2,5 x 7,2 cm
1 Hautreinigungstuch 14 x 19 cm
1 Schnellverband steril Größe 2