Sunday, October 26, 2014

Extended Cold Weather Parka and Trousers



Nomenclature

PARKA, COLD WEATHER, CAMOUFLAGE
PARKA, EXTENDED COLD WEATHER, CAMOUFLAGE
TROUSERS, COLD WEATHER, CAMOUFLAGE
TROUSERS, EXTENDED COLD WEATHER, CAMOUFLAGE






1st Generation

The entire ECWCS ensemble (1st generation) consisted of : 
polypropylene 

(1) undershirt and
(2) underwear [drawers],
(3)polyester fiberpile shirt and 
(4) bib,
(5) nylon/cotton trousers, 
(6) Gore-Tex parka and 
(7) trousers,
(8)liners for the parka and 
(9) trousers, 
(10) white (snow camouflage) parka/trousers cover, 
(11) gloves, 
(12) glove inserts, 
(13) mittens,
(14) mitten inserts, 
(15) mitten shells, 
(16) white mitten shells (snow camouflage), 
(17) cap,
(18) balaclava, 
(19) nylon socks, boots—both 
(20) cold weather vapor barrier boots and 
(21) extreme cold weather vapor barrier boots—and 
(22) M-1950 trouser suspenders. 

The system is to be used in an insulated, triple-layering fashion, with :

the polypropylene undergarments as Layer 1, 
the polyester shirt/bib, liners and cotton/nylon trousers as Layer 2, 
and Gore-Tex outer garments as Layer 3.

The parka and trousers (which have been adapted to the civilian outdoor clothing market) are themselves constructed in a three-layer fashion consisting of an outer layer of abrasion-resistant taslan nylon, an intermediate layer of durably waterproof, windproof, and Gore-Tex membrane (protected with a layer of nylon tricot and originally in a four-color camouflage print), and a hung inner layer of unlaminated nylon. The whole is seam-sealed.
The ECWCS parka

The parka — which is a particularly popular component — is characterized by a cobra hood (which fits over a combat helmet) with woven nylon drawstringadjustable pulls and an attachment piece that allows fastening of a fur ruff (early models of the parka lacked this attachment piece). There is a two-way, full-front slide fastener to provide full-face protection, leaving only the eyes uncovered. The parka has Raglan shoulders/sleeves, a non-freezing, double-pull zipper withstorm flap and seven snap closure, a flap-covered pocket on the left sleeve with hook and loop (Velcro) closure, adjustable hook and loop wrist cuffs, armpit ventilation zippers and double reinforced elbows. A badge/insignia tab with snap is located on the storm flap. There is an interior back ventilation opening, two slash (handwarmer) cargo pockets on the lower front (with extra large flaps and double hook and loop single snap closure on each) and an inside draft skirt (windskirt) with elastic drawcords and barrel-locks at the waist (without pulls). There are also two concealed map pockets at the front zipper with hook and loop closures that can be opened without unzipping the parka.

Unfortunately, due to the limitations of "waterproof-breathable" fabric, the parka did not breathe well in field use by active troops.








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